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Accuracy and Speed of Material Categorization in Real-world Images

Sharan, L., Rosenholtz, R., Adelson. E. H.


Abstract

It is easy to visually distinguish a ceramic knife from one made of steel, a leather jacket from one made of denim, and a plush toy from one made of plastic. Most studies of material appearance have focused on the estimation of specific material properties such as albedo or surface gloss, and as a consequence, almost nothing is known about how we recognize material categories like leather or plastic. We have studied judgments of high-level material categories with a diverse set of real-world photographs, and we have shown (Sharan, 2009) that observers can categorize materials reliably and quickly. Performance on our tasks cannot be explained by simple differences in color, surface shape, or texture. Nor can the results be explained by observers merely performing shape-based object recognition. Rather, we argue that fast and accurate material categorization is a distinct, basic ability of the visual system.

Information

title:
Accuracy and Speed of Material Categorization in Real-world Images
author:
Sharan,
L.,
Rosenholtz,
R.,
Adelson. E. H.
citation:
Journal of Vision
shortcite:
Journal of Vision
year:
2014
created:
2014-08-14
summary:
materials-jov2014
keyword:
adelson,
rosenholtz,
sharan,
materialperception
pdf:
http://www.journalofvision.org/content/14/9/12.full.pdf+html
type:
publication
 
publications/materials-jov2014.1408032747.txt.gz · Last modified: 2014/08/14 12:12 by lavanya